The education system in the United States is diverse and decentralized, with responsibility for education being primarily divided between the federal government, state governments, and local school districts.
The United States Department of Education is the federal government agency responsible for overseeing education policy and programs, including student financial aid and the distribution of federal funds to schools. However, the bulk of responsibility for education lies with the states and local school districts, which have the primary authority to set educational policies and standards and to manage and operate public schools.
The United States has a multi-tiered system of education, including primary and secondary education (K-12), higher education (colleges and universities), and vocational and technical education. Primary and secondary education is compulsory for all children and is usually provided free of charge through public schools. Higher education is not compulsory, but it is widely available and is an important pathway to advanced career opportunities.
The education system in the United States has been consistently ranked among the best in the world. However, it has also faced criticism for issues such as unequal funding and resources for schools in different areas, as well as persistent achievement gaps between different groups of students. Efforts to address these issues and improve the education system in the United States continue to be a focus of policymakers and educators.